Career in the Law
In this article we are going to brief you about the career in the law in India it include following topics:
Available courses in India
Specialization in Law
Eligibility For Admission
Top Recruiters, Salary
Books & Study Materials
Pros and Cons
law is defined as a principle of governance in which all organizations, persons and bodies, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to set of rules that are publicly circulated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated.
Career in the Law offers a plethora of career avenues for students to explore and conquer. Thus, it is no surprise that these days more and more youngsters are making their career in the law as their preferred choice of career and with good reasons.
Law as a profession has great career opportunities these days. As we all know the social and economic conditions are changing and the ever-increasing regulatory role being carried out by the government there is a growing demand for the lawyers. Besides being financially profitable, Law is a bold and exciting career option.
Every person who has proficient in verbal skill, keen and logical reasoning, analytical skills and capacity to read and absorb – legal sphere is the place to be. Law schools provide the best platform to peruse career in the law by adding on the above skills and make students legal professionals. This process has various steps.
Courses after 12th in Law
In India, the student can get a legal degree after the accomplishment of graduation in any discipline. There are the following courses are available in legal education in India.
- Bachelor of Laws (B.) – 3 years
LLB is the most common course of law education. LLB takes 3 years as the duration to complete the course.
- Integrated UG degrees – B.A. LL.B., BBA LL.B., B.Sc. LLB, B.Com LL.B – 5 years
After the completion of intermediate exams, Students can take admission in a 5-year integrated program.
Master of Laws (LL.M.) – one/two years
LL.M is a two-year master’s degree course which is divided into four semesters.
- Master of Business Law (MBL)
Master of Business Law is the two-year master degree course in legal education it is divided into four semesters
One who needs to do the integrated course with business specialization can go for the MBL-LLM or MBA-LLM. It is a 3-year degree course after the accomplishment of the LLB.
- Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
There is a decent scope in Ph.D. after legal education. Many of the highly reputed autonomous institutions provide the Ph.D. programs.
- Integrated MBL-LLM/ MBA-LLM – 3years
Specialization in Law
- Civil Law: Civil law is one of the crucial body of laws that deals with private rights and remedies. It manages the disputes between common people in some areas, like – tort, property, contract, etc. In ancient time Roman law that was used for creating doctrines and find out ways through with legal issues and disputes can be decided. This law is derived from the same Roman law.
- Criminal Law: The main purpose of criminal law is to protect individuals and property. This law made to protects citizens from criminals who would cause physical harm to others or take their property or valuable goods. It moreover helps in resolving disputes and protects individual rights. Strict action was taken against any individual who found violating criminal law.
- Corporate Law: In short, corporate law is the area of law that involves the rights and actions of people, organizations and businesses, as well as their relationship with each other.
- Corporate law contains a very large variety of disputes related to corporate matters, such as unions and acquisitions of companies, shareholder’s rights, and any general commercial transactions.
- This law ensures that all transactions and actions made by companies, businesses and organizations are unbiased and legal.
- Taxation Law: Taxation law is also known as revenue law. It is a part of legal students has to study about the constitutional, common-law, statutory, tax treaty, and governing rules that constitute the law applicable to taxation.
- Labor Law: Labor law primarily concerns the rights and responsibilities of unionized employees. Some groups of employees find unions helpful because employees have a lot more power when they form a group rather than individually.
- International Law: International law governs the disputes between the countries at the International Court of Law. This law deals with so many disputes such as disputes between nations regarding water or trade, a foreign company facing problems in some country, and other issues are handled and regulated by this law.
- Family Law: Family law deals with various disputes and problems among the family members or domestic disputes including child custody, divorce, adoption and property partition etc. Family issues and law can sometimes become very complicated and it is better to consult a good family law lawyer to solve your issues in an uncomplicated and unbiased way.
- Constitutional Law: It is the supreme law of the Nation, It sets out the framework and the principal functions of various bodies of the government (i.e. Executive, legislature and judiciary) also the relations between the government and the people which is called citizenship.
- At the same time the constitution of a democratic country redirects the ideals and objectives of the people of the nation.
- Administration Law: Administrative law is a part of public law, which deals with legal restrictions on the actions of the government or government agencies. Its main goal is to regulate the relationships between the government and people, it concerns how we interact with governments in many areas of life.
- Patent Law: Patent law deals with new inventions. It is the branch of intellectual property law. Traditional patents protect tangible scientific inventions, such as optical drive, engines, velcro, or zippers.
- This Patent law gives inventors the exclusive right to sell their invention for 20 years.
The annual package start as high as Rs 35,000 to Rs 40,000 per month in campus recruitment at highly ranked law colleges.
Eligibility & Entrance Exams for Admission in Law
For UG Law Courses: Candidates who have secured a minimum of 45% marks in Higher Secondary School/Intermediate (10+2) or its equivalent exam from a recognized board are eligible to secure admission in UG law courses.
Eligibility for PG Law Courses: Aspirants need to be graduates from a recognized university in order to get the admission in LLB (3 years) course. Candidates need to possess an LLB or equivalent degree from a recognized university for admission in LLM course.
- Students have to appear in CLAT 2020(Common Law Admission Test) in order to pursue a career in the law. CLAT examination is conducted for admission in National Law Universities.
- (NLUs) and various other prestigious institutions. Students can get admission in Integrated L.L.B and L.L.M courses after clearing the CLAT examination.
- Students can pursue go for law courses with any stream (Science stream/ Commerce stream/ Arts stream) in the 12th.
- Bar council of India provides a “Certificate of Practice” to the candidates after completing LL.B. It is mandatory for the candidates to qualify All India Bar Examination (AIBE 2020) in order to practice in the profession of law and to receive certificates.
- Students who wish to pursue law courses from foreign Universities/institutions can apply for LSAT (Law School Admission Test) conducted by the Law School Admission Council, USA.
Some popular law entrance exams are listed below:
- AILET 2020
- AP LAWCET 2020
- TS LAWCET 2020
- MH CET Law 2020
- IPU CET Law 2020
- Allahabad University (LAT) 2020
Law Entrance Exam Syllabus
- English including Comprehension
- General Knowledge/ Current Affairs
- Elementary Mathematics
- Legal Aptitude/Legal Awareness
- Logical Reasoning
Different designation in career in the law
- Criminal Lawyer: In this job profile aspirants are also sometimes referred to as advocates. During the trial at court, a lawyer mostly represents one of the parties/clients. As part of this job profile, one needs to cross-examine witnesses and then list details/ facts to defend their clients.
- Civil Litigation Lawyer: Civil attorneys work on behalf of private clients, businesses or government entities to resolve disputes and legal issues. They don’t work with criminal cases but instead deal with the law pertaining to people, relationships and property.
- Legal Analyst: Legal Analysts are also known as legal specialists. They are the individual who support and aid individual lawyers or legal teams. They do many legal research, collect legal documents and evidence, maintain databases and tracking systems, and track, organize, assess and file documents.
- Document Drafting Lawyer or Notary: Notaries are allocated by the central government for the entire or specific part of the country. Notaries are also appointed to work for a whole or a specific part of the state by the state government. A lawyer is eligible for the post of notary if he has been practicing Law (as a lawyer) for a minimum of ten years.
The function of a Notary is as follows:
- To verify, validate, declare or attest the execution of any instrument
- Do admin oath to or take an affidavit from any person.
- They translate and validate the translation, of any document from one language into another.
- To act as commissioner, to record evidence in any civil or criminal trial if so directed by the court or authority
- To act as an authority, mediator, or conciliator if so required
- Legal Journalists: Journalists who do journalism about topics that are entirely related to law are known as Legal Journalists. Their job is to do specialize reporting about all matters that pertain to the field of law. Legal Journalists confront the notion that law graduates can only work in law firms or in corporate setups.
- Legal Advisor: Legal advisor is the one who expected to counsel clients on legal rights and obligations. They mostly research laws related to a particular case and then go through previous judgments passed in cases related to the one their client is currently facing and afterward help them in listing out how they can defend themselves.
- Government Lawyer: Government lawyers are lawyers who work for the government, typically as employees. Some Government lawyers represent the government in court, such as prosecutors or attorneys working in an advocate general’s office.
- Judge: As a Judge one has the responsibility to ensure that justice is administered and the legal rights of all the involved parties are safeguarded. A Judge directs over trials/hearings in which she/he has to listen to the case presented by lawyers.
Salary in law field
Students can easily earn 5000 to 20000 per month while working under experts after the completion of course.
You can easily earn 20,000 to 50,000 per month By working independently in court. Even though there is no cap on salaries if you are a good lawyer and practicing individually you can earn a very good amount.
The list of top recruiting legal firms or associates in India are given below:
- Amarchand Mangaldas
- AZB & Partners
- J Sagar Associates
- Khaitan & Co
- Luthra & Luthra
- Desai & Diwanji
- Singhania & Partners
- Titus & Co
- Wadia Ghandy & Co
Books & Study Materials
There are lots of books available in the market individually for undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral level law courses. Online materials are also available to study law. Some of the important books of law are given below:
- Introduction to the Constitution of India by D.D. Basu
- Public Administration by M Laxmikanth
- Indian Constitutional Law by M.P. Jain
- Criminal Law – Incorporating the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 by P.S.A. Pillai
- Manual of Labour Laws by Waseem Ahmad Qureshi
- Development of the concept of Human Rights Under International Law by Dr. Vijay Chitnis
- Private Security And The Law by Charles Nameth
Is It the Right Career for Me?
Pros and Cons of a Lawyer
- Opportunity to work on a number of legal issues
- It is a satisfying job both in terms of the perks you get and respect among clients
- It is considered to be Secured job especially if you are working as a corporate lawyer or for some institution
- You will never feel boredom as you will be fighting different cases each time
- While fighting for several cases you may face many enemies.
- Extremely demanding job especially as you go higher up the rank as you will be fighting many cases at the same time.
- Long working hours with tight deadlines of court.
- Very competitive for senior lawyers.
career in the Law- which requires loads of patience and logical skills. To become a successful lawyer one has to do lots of hard work and require tons of dedication and patience. Fresher particularly faces lots of problems during the initial period of their profession as is true of every other profession.
It is very beneficial for a fresher to get training under Senior Counsel, which helps the candidate to gain experience and kick start their career. This cannot be said that fresher cannot get success very easily. Anything is possible if we ready to do hard work & have the dedication towards our goal.
Great communication skills and ability of critical analysis and articulation are must-have qualities for a good lawyer. Therefore, one should analyze all the above points before opting career in the law.
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